Skip to Main Content

Surgical Technology Resources at LLCC

Use this guide to access Surgical Technology program resources and tips for using LLCC Library.

Citations & Formatting : from OWL at Purdue

BREAKDOWN: Electronic Sources APA 7th

  • AUTHOR Last Name, First & Middle Initials.
  • DATE (YEAR of publication in parens).
  • Title of article.
    • (note: CAPITALIZATION for article titles is like a SENTENCE. Capitalize the first word, proper nouns, and the first letter after a colon: ONLY.)
  • Title of Periodical or Journal,
    • (note: All Important Words in the Journal Title are Captilized; the whole title in Italics). 
  • Volume number 
    • (note: the volume number of the journal is in Italics)
  • (issue number),
    • (note: the issue number of the journal is in parentheses right next to the Volume number - no space or comma - and NOT in italics). 
  • page numbers of article.
  • DOI
    • if NO DOI 
      • FOR LLCC DATABASES -- leave blank (no URL is required for Database articles with mostly stable urls)
      • FOR ONLINE ARTICLES NOT FROM SUBSCRIPTION DATABASES -- include Retrieved from date and URL

Copyright Basics

All creations are copyrighted.

It is important to know, understand, and consider the rules for using copyrighted material whenever you draw on a resources created by someone else. The links below will help you begin understanding your responsibilities when you use copyrighted material.

This includes: 
  • articles
  • handouts
  • notes
  • assignments
  • webpages
  • images
  • artwork
  • and more


CITING ELECTRONIC SOURCES: APA 7 (Citing scholarly peer-reviewed EBP articles from LLCC Databases)





Most LLCC subscription databases will provide assistance creating the citation for articles in a variety of formats - including APA. Screenshots below provide details for obtaining APA 7th Edition Citations from the EbscoHost databases recommended for many Nursing assignments. 



NOTE: Database-generated citations often (but inconsistently) include errors. It is still good practice to begin by finding, copying and pasting the citation from the database. You can use this as a starting point and refer to the guides provided (above) to make any necessary corrections. 

COMMON MISTAKES made by EbscoHost when creating APA 7th Edition citations: 

  • Author's first name typed out (Initials are standard formatting)
  • Title of Article is CAPITALIZED INCORRECTLY; often Article Titles are given a capital for every important word. See guide above. Article titles are capitalized like sentences in APA 7. 
  • Title of Journal not in Italics (be sure to double check)

Other databases that are not included in the EbscoHost group of databases (for example Ovid or Gale databases) also provide citations. Look for the icon or a note for the citation. NOTE: some databases may not be updated to APA 7 and are still using the 6th edition. Watch carefully..